Sunday, October 26, 2014

Our Friends to the North - World War One

The National War Memorial in Ottawa was dedicated May 21st 1939 in honor of all the Canadians that fought in the Great War. Over the years it has been updated to include all the wars the Canadians have participated in. Last week Corporal Nathan Cirillo was shot and killed by a terrorist on sacred ground. Our thoughts and prayers are with him and his family.

In researching World War One and remembering those who paid the ultimate sacrifice, I knew that we had several servicemen who served for the Canadian Expeditionary Forces from greater Lowell. Because the United States tried to stay out of the war for as long as we could, many men went north to Canada to get in on the action.

In greater Lowell there total of 174 war time deaths for those fighting for the allies. Some were accidents, illness or killed in action.  Looking closer at who they were fighting for we have a total of 21 servicemen who died fighting under the Canadian flag.

Please remember the ultimate sacrifice they made.


Aubrey Bearisto 5th Canadian Battalion September 28, 1918
Harry Burke Canadian Black Watch October 1, 1918
Mederic Champagne Canadian Expeditionary Force August 18, 1918
Gavin Caldwell Royal Air Force mechanic October 13, 1918
Narcisse Desrosiers Canadian Expeditionary Force August 27, 1918
Phillip Doyon 22d Canadians August 27, 1918
Eldon Elston Canadian Black Watch October 16, 1918
Thomas Fennelly Canadian Expeditionary Force November 7, 1918
Anthony Gray Canadian Expeditionary Force September 20, 1918
Thomas Hamblett Canadian Infantry August 27, 1918
Bertrand Lamarre Canadian Expeditionary Force August 19, 1917
Lee MacKenzie 4th DT Mortar Battery September 28, 1918
Stewart Maclean 42nd Canadian Kilties August 12, 1918
James McClennan 42d Bn. Canadian Infantry April 7, 1916
Edmond  McNamara American Legion of Canadian Army April 12, 1918
Harry Miller Canadian Expeditionary Force December 6, 1918
Joseph Paquin Canadian Expeditionary Force October 26, 1917
John Regan Canadian Expeditionary Force October 11, 1918
Edward Rowe 224th Canada. August 28, 1918
William Swift Canadian Expeditionary Force October 1, 1918
Ray Turner Canadian Expeditionary Force January 5, 1918























































































Tuesday, October 21, 2014

Benjamin Franklin Butler

Lawyer - Civil War General
Governor - Congressman
Industrialist - Yachtsman
1818-1893

Photo credit: Library of Congress

Love him or hate him he knew how to use his power and influence. After the Civil War Major General Butler returned to Lowell to practice law. He was very active in the affairs of the textile mills both for and against the owners.

The General had a house in Lowell at 133 Andover Street. The house (mansion) was torn down in the 1970s and was located on the land of Mansion Drive, Carriage Drive and Butler Drive off Andover Street.

He also had a summer residence in Gloucester called Bay View that he built in 1866. Still owned by his descendents it is available for rent today if you are interested.
http://www.vrbo.com/450619#

General Butler invested in the Pentucket Navigation Company in 1867. The steamer Merrimac brought vacationers from Lawrence and Haverhill to the Black Rocks at Salisbury Beach for summer recreation. He also brought coal up the river to sell in Lowell. He made a lot of money. General Butler also purchased the yacht "America" from the U.S. Navy in 1873. He was an excellent yachtsman. The trip from Lowell to Gloucester is 40 miles so you have to wonder how many times he made the trip by water.


The mouth of the Merrimack River is one of the most dangerous on the east coast. Boats coming out of the river have Black Rocks and Badger Rocks on the Salisbury side to navigate. A light house was positioned on the Plum Island side. Along with a life saving station. The jetties that are on each side of the entrance to the Atlantic Ocean did not exist.

Benjamin Butler himself picked out the spot for the navigation aid we know as Butler's Toothpick in 1873. It's officially known as Coast Guard Black Rock Day Beacon #10 (Light List #9040). It is owned by the Coast Guard but sits adjacent to Salisbury Beach Reservation. It is forty feet tall and sits on a granite base 24 feet tall. The General also owned Cape Ann Granite so I wonder if he supplied the granite as well.


In 1947 the high tide swept out the wooden structure. It was rebuilt. It has had several updates over the years. It is a highly prized landmark today. We love visiting it when we camp at Salisbury Beach Reservation.
Thanks Ben!

Saturday, August 23, 2014

Corp. Joseph Worthy - 101st Infantry Company M - WW1

Corporal Joseph H. Worthy was born in Boston September 26, 1891 the son of Joseph and Elizabeth O'Hare. His father was born in Ireland. This second generation Acre resident worked at the U.S. Cartridge Company as a moulder and attended St. Patrick's Church. He joined the National Guard and served during the trouble at the Mexican Border before World War One. 



Boston Globe Photo

Corp. Joseph Worthy was a member if the 101st Yankee Division Company M that many Lowell men fought with in France. They were one of the first to fight. He was killed along with three other Lowell men during the Second Battle of the Marne in Vaux France on July 15, 1918. Their names are Pvt. Francis M. McOsker, Pvt. Arthur McOsker and Pvt. Philip Chalifoux all of Company M.

Joseph Worthy was survived by his father Joseph, sister Mrs. Martin Brick and brothers John and Richard. His mother died in 1912. He is buried in St. Patrick's Cemetery in Lowell. A square is named in his honor at the corner of Broadway and Dutton Streets.

Shortly after the war his brother was contacted by a soldier from Boston, Sergt. H.L. Ryder that he was the one who discovered Joseph Worthy's body. He was dead and holding a prayer book. The book was "Remembering the Eucharistic Mission at St. Patrick's Church, Lowell, April 1918" with 95 Adams Street inside the cover. It is thought that he was praying when he died. He returned the book to the grateful family.

Wednesday, June 25, 2014

The Congressional Medal of Honor and Lowell Connections

With yesterday's announcement of Sgt. Ryan Pitts of Nashua, NH being selected as the latest recipient of the MEDAL OF HONOR I thought a rundown of past recipients with local connections was warranted. Sgt. Ryan Pitts was born in Lowell and served in Afghanistan in the U.S. Army 2nd Platoon, Chosen Company, 2nd Battalion Airborne, 503 Infantry Regiment, 173rd Airborne. The Congressional Medal of Honor is the highest award for combat valor


In the Hall of Flags at the Lowell Memorial Auditorium there is a plaque that was dedicated in 1952 to all the Lowell men who have are recipients of the Congressional Medal of Honor. The plaque was updated with the addition of David H. McNerney, after the Vietnam War.

Here is the list of the Medal of Honor Recipients with Lowell connections:

CIVIL WAR

Albert Ames - US Army at Bull Run, VA. Buried in Lowell at Hildreth Family Cemetery. Married General Benjamin Butler's daughter.

Eugene W. Ferris - US Army at Berryville, VA. Entered service from Lowell.

John C. McFarland - US Navy. Lowell resident. Has headstones in St. Patrick's, Edson and Lowell Cemetery. Wife and son are buried in St. Patrick's Cemetery.

Daniel J. Murphy - US Army at Harcher's Run, VA. Entered service from Lowell, MA.

Dennis J.F. Murphy - US Army at Corinth, Mississippi. Entered service from Lowell, MA.

Joseph Aton Sladen - US Army at Resaca, GA May 14, 1864. Entered service from Lowell, MA.

Joseph Swell Gerrish Sweat - US Army 6th Massachusetts Co. C at Carsville, VA. Entered service from Lowell, MA.

Joseph Taylor - US Army at Wendon, VA.. Lived in Lowell after Civil War. Buried in Edson Cemetery. I have a separate blog post about him.

Edwin Truell - US Army near Atlanta, GA. Entered service in Lowell. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

OTHER

James F. Sullivan - US Navy. Peacetime. Saved sailor from drowning.

George Charette - US Navy. Born in Lowell 1867. Spanish American War in connection with the sinking of Merrimac in Santiago Harbor Cuba. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Square in Lowell in his honor.

Joseph R. Oullette - US Army Killed in Action in Korea. Born in Lowell. Buried at St. Joseph's Cemetery, East Chelmsford. Aiken Street Bridge is named in his honor.

David H. McNerney - US Army, Vietnam at Polei Doc. - born in Lowell.

Thank you Sgt. Ryan Pitts and all those Lowell men that came before you.






Monday, June 23, 2014

Rear Admiral Joseph Giles Eaton

In the Oakland Cemetery in Dracut lies the body of Rear Admiral Joseph Giles Eaton, his first wife, Mary Ann Varnum Eaton and his nine year old daughter Isabella Varnum Eaton. He was a war hero from the Spanish American War as the Commander of the USS Resolute during the battle in Santiago harbor. Yet he was buried here in haste with no military honors and only three so called mourners. One of them probably being the person that killed him.

Joseph Giles Eaton was born in Greenville, Alabama on June 29, 1847 to William Pierce Eaton and Sarah Brazier. He attended school in Lockport, NY, Union Academy in Worcester, MA and graduated sixth in his class from the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1867. He married Mary Ann (known as Annie) Varnum from Dracut in 1871. They had one child who tragically died from cerebral meningitis at age nine in 1883. The family lived in Washington, DC during most of his 39 years of Naval service. He retired in 1905.
 Isabella's grave at Oakland Cemetery in Dracut, MA

In 1906, Annie, the Admiral's first wife was very sick. They hired a private nurse, Jennie May (Harrison) Ainsworth to attend to her. She was a descendent of President William Henry Harrison and a cousin of President Benjamin Harrison. She was living apart from her estranged husband Daniel Henry Ainsworth a known drunkard. After Annie's death, the Admiral married  her nurse Jennie Ainsworth. If she was divorced from Ainsworth or not is of some question. The Admiral however gave her the money to complete the divorce.

For a time the couple along with his two step daughters lived a good life in Brookline, MA. He was a member of the Algonquin Club of Boston. He had a Navy pension of $15 a day which back then was very good. Rumor had it that the Admiral's wife was giving her ex-husband money without the Admiral's knowledge.

The family moved to Norwell with a summer home in Scituate. The old Admiral, 20 plus years older than his wife, adopted an infant after both pretending his wife was pregnant. Within a month the baby was dead. She accused him of poisoning the infant. An autopsy was done and no foul play was detected. Soon everyone knew the baby was not their biological son. The baby is buried at Union Cemetery in Scituate. The home in Norwell is now a real estate office but looks very similar to the farm house.

Assinippi Farm Norwell, MA - Courtesy Google Street View
 
The Admiral left the family for some time but they reunited. Their life was not the happiest. The Admiral may have taken to drinking. His wife was mentally unstable. His oldest step daughter got pregnant, had the baby and got married. Not to the baby's father. She was later divorced and committed to Taunton State Hospital living alongside Jane Toppan.

The Admiral turned up dead in his bed in March 13, 1913. He was sixty six years old. His second wife was suspect almost immediately. The funeral was stopped by the police. An autopsy was ordered from Harvard Medical School. She arranged his burial in the Oakland Cemetery in Dracut. He died of arsenic poisoning.
The Admiral's wife, step daughter Dorothy and newpapermen came on the train with the body to Lowell. The funeral director took them to Dracut's Oakland Cemetery. He was buried with his first wife and young daughter. No military honors - no flag on the casket - no Naval escort. The next day the police were convinced the wife poisoned her husband. She was arrested and spent seven months in a Plymouth jail until the trail.

Admiral Joseph Giles Eaton Headstone - Oakland Cemetery - Dracut, MA

 
After a sensational trial Mrs. Jennie Eaton was acquitted. She testified in her own defense. Most people thought she was guilty. Newspapers across the world carried news of the trial. On June 13, 1914 the Admiral's wife remarried her first husband Daniel Henry Ainsworth. She had inherited all the Admiral's assets. Her husband manages to get arrested seven times in the next year for drunkenness. Next Mrs. Jennie Ainsworth and her daughter Dorothy McMahon get arrested for leaving the second baby out of wedlock by her daughter Margie Ainsworth. They take the baby (which is not developing normally) and leave it on the steps of a doctor's office in Brookline, MA. The baby dies days later. They both served suspended sentences.

The entire Ainsworth and McMahon families move to Washington, DC and open a bread and breakfast near the Capitol and manage to stay out of the news for the rest of their lives.

Rear Admiral Eaton is noted in many newspapers and books as being a Medal of Honor Recipient but I can not find proof that he is. He has truly been forgotten by the unfortunate circumstances of his death. Please remember the Admiral and his naval service to our country.

Tuesday, June 3, 2014

70th Anniversary of D Day - The Normandy Invasion - Jun 6-8, 1944

In Lowell on the morning of June 6th, 1944 the city's air raid sirens blared at 5:00 AM signaling the dawn of D-day. Thousands attended church services to pray. The largest sea based invasion in history was underway on the beaches of France. 

First Lt. John J. Shaughnessy was one of the first 11 boys to enlist in the Army from Lowell on November 9, 1940. During his service he was awarded the Purple Heart in the battle for Tunisia. He was killed in action June 6th during the Normandy invasion. He was the son of Mr. & Mrs. Edward (Anna O'Donnell) Shaughnessy of 1091 Gorham Street. A graduate of Sacred Heart and Lowell High School he was 26 years old. His body was returned to Lowell for funeral services on December 9, 1947. He is buried in St. Patrick's Cemetery.

Ironically, he was named after his uncle, John J. O'Donnell who was killed during World War One. The O'Donnell playground is named for him. John J. Shaugnessy Elementary school, also on Gorham street is named for the World War II hero.

One year after his death a poem written by his aunt, Sister Marcella of the Sisters of Mary, Binghampton, NY and published in the Lowell Sun:

VICTORY

Somewhere in France he is sleeping
Under sacred Normandy's moon
Our hero whose flower of manhood
Was shipped off for heaven last June.

There in the green of the hillside
They laid him beside his men;
Nothing shall shatter his slumber
No one shall hurt him again.

Winds sigh the chant of his requiem
Moonlight illumines his cross;
Soft helpless rain like our teardrops
Echoes the pain of his loss.

Yet his is the truest triumph,
Death brings the perfect peace.
The living will always be militant
Till life and its struggles cease.

We thank this family for their sacrifice and we remember.

Friday, May 30, 2014

Monuments Men and the Lowell Connection

I haven't seen the Monuments Men movie starring George Clooney and Matt Damon yet but I'm looking forward to it. And of course there is a Lowell connection!

Keith Merrill was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota June 8, 1887. He graduated from The Hill School in Pottstown, Pa in 1906, Yale University 1911 and Harvard Law School 1914. He married Katharine Ayer, daughter of Frederick Ayer and his second wife Ellen Banning on May 7, 1917 at her parents Avalon summer home in Beverly, MA. Frederick Ayer owned the American Woolen Company and his former residence is now the Franco American school in Lowell. Keith's wife's sister Beatrice was married to Gen. George Patton and they were very close.
"[Avalon, front view]," in NOBLE Digital Heritage, Item #11673, http://heritage.noblenet.org/items/show/11673 (accessed May 30, 2014).

Keith Merrill worked for the US Foreign Service from 1917-1937 at various diplomatic posts around the world. During WWII he joined the US Navy Reserves. Near the end of the war the United States government made an effort to recover works of art that the Germans had confiscated during the war. Commander Merrill was enlisted into service to ensure that 202 of these works were shipped to Washington, D.C. for safe keeping. On December 8, 1945 these works were sent and kept in storage until 1948. They then went on an exhibition tour. He ensured that the works were returned to Europe.
Life Magazine, January 24, 1949

As a gesture of good will after the war, Italy loaned to the National Gallery in Washington, D.C the Michelangelo's statue of David-Apollo. Commander Merrill was responsible for ensuring the safe delivery.It had never left Florence Italy since it was made in 1525.

Keith Merrill and his wife spent the remaining years on various boards, collecting and donating artwork and contributing to many philanthropic endeavors. Keith Merrill died June 8, 1959 at his summer home Avalon, in Prides Crossing in Beverly, MA at the age of 72. He is buried in the Frederick Ayer lot in the Lowell Cemetery.
Photo credit: Corey Scuito